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OSCOLA (Law) Referencing Guide

OSCOLA Law referencing guidance

Books or eBooks and Pace Codes

Books are cited in the same way whether they are online or as a hard copy. The author's name is given in full.  Book titles should be given in italics and the publisher and date of the publication should be included.  The edition should be included (not 1st edition) in the form of '2nd edn' or 'rev edn' for revised edition. 

To use a footnote, put a superscript number into your text and then the footnote at the bottom of the page.

Footnote Format:

Author, Title of book (edition, Publisher Year) Page number referencing.

Footnote examples:

Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (4th edn, Oxford University Press 2018) 44.

Bibliography format:

Author surname initial, Book title (Edition, Publisher Year of Publication)

Bibliography example:

Endicott, T, Administrative Law (4th edn, Oxford University Press 2018)

The bibliography difference is the author is now listed surname first for the first author, and first initial, you do not include page number(s) and and there is no full stop at the end of the reference. 

Pace Codes

Pace codes are treated as print titles, each reports shows an ISBN number, and even though you may have viewed it online, if items have ISBNs, the OSCOLA guidance is to treat as a print title.

Footnote format:

Home Office, 'Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 Code D' (TSO 2017) 31.

With corporate or government agencies authors, in this instance Home Office, the footnote and bibliography entry will look the same, with the exception that a footnote may have a pinpoint page number at the end of the footnote.  TSO is the publisher name and stands for The Stationery Office.  

Bibliography format:

Home Office, 'Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 Code D' (TSO 2017)

Multiple Authors

For two or three authors, all named authors must be included. You must insert an 'and' before the last author's name. 

Format Format:

Author, Title (edition, Publisher Year) page number.

Footnote examples:

Hugh Jones and Christopher Benson, Publishing Law (4th edn, Routledge 2011) 32.

Four or more Authors

If there are 4 or more authors cite the first author followed by ‘and others’. To use a footnote, put a superscript number into your text and then the footnote at the bottom of the page. 

Format:

Author, Title (edition, Publisher Year) page number.

Footnote example:

Smith, IT and others, Smith & Wood’s Employment Law (13th edn, Oxford University Press 2017).