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OSCOLA (Law) Referencing Guide

OSCOLA Law referencing guidance


If you are referring to a particular sentence or paragraph, include the page number after your reference (known as a pinpoint). For cases, you can also use paragraph numbers entered in square brackets [ ] – this is to distinguish them from page numbers. You can include one or more page/paragraph references or indicate a range.

For everything other than cases, use ‘pt’ for part, ‘ch’ for chapter, and ‘para’ for paragraph. Page numbers standalone without the use of p. or pp. 

Pinpoints to pages, chapters, parts and paragraphs come at the end of the footnote, whether you are directly quoting or paraphrasing from a source.

Page numbers are not included in the Bibliography.