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Harvard Solent Referencing

Page numbers - in-text references

Why do I need to include page numbers?

The Harvard Solent referencing style indicates that when you quote directly or paraphrase a specific piece of text from a source that includes page numbers, the in-text reference can include the page number(s).

Page numbers are included in the in-text reference if you want to direct the reader to the specific page or pages to locate your original source. 

How do I include page numbers?

Page numbers are included in the in-text reference after the year of publication - use a comma to separate the year and the page number/s e.g. (Smith 2013, p.16).

For a quote/paraphrase from one specific page, include the specific page using p. followed by the page number.

Example: using a direct quote from one page of a source:

  • It is essential that students "reference with care" when writing their assignments (Smith 2013, p.45).


For a quotation/paraphrase that spans multiple pages you can identify the page range using pp.

Example: paraphrasing text from a source spanning two pages:

  • It has been stated that all resources used to support your arguments must be included in your reference list (Smith 2013, pp.16-17).


If the information you wish to reference is on non-consecutive pages, you should still include all of the relevant pages. Use "pp." before the page numbers and a comma between the pages you need to include.

Example: if the information started on page 30 but then continued on page 35:

  • Some have argued that ... (Taylor 2015, pp.30,35).

If you are summarising a large section or the entire work, you do not need to include a page number e.g. (Smith 2013).