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Harvard Solent Referencing

Email

 

It is generally accepted that personal communications such as letters and telephone conversations do not need to be included in the final reference list. However, you can refer to them in an assignment and include the full details in your text.

In-Text Reference 

Smith (2020) wrote..

Reference List Format

SENDER'S NAME, year. Email to RECIPIENT'S NAME. Day/Month of email

Reference List Example

SMITH, B., 2020.  Email to K. JONES.  24th August

Personal Letters, Telephone Calls

 

Letter 

You should get permission to refer to the communication before using it.

In-Text Reference 

As stated in a letter from D. White on 21st July 2007, it is...

Reference List Format

NAME(S), Year. [Outline of topic discussed] (personal communication, date)

Reference List Example

WHITE, D., 2007. [Letter on the history of education in Southampton] (personal communication, 21 July)

 

Telephone Call

You should get permission to refer to the communication before using it.

In-Text Reference 

J. Brown outlined this idea in a telephone call on 10th August 2008.

Reference List Format

NAME(S), Year. [Outline of topic discussed] (personal communication, date)

Reference List Example

BROWN, J., 2008. [Telephone conversation on study skills] (personal communication, 10 August)